The surface web, a section of the internet where webpages are easily seen using conventional web browsers and are easily indexed by prominent search engines, is the area of the internet where the majority of internet users browse content online. The majority of what the typical user sees online may be on the surface, but the dark web has many more levels of concealed information. Users can access these secret websites and participate in both legal and illegal activity while hiding their IP address by using a special browser called The Onion Router (Tor). Here’s a glimpse at the dark web functions and the various, both legal and illicit, ways users use it.
Describe the dark web.
The dark web is one of the internet’s three primary components.
1. The surface (open) web is where search engines find and index all publicly accessible websites and material.
2. Deep web – 90% of the internet is concealed from standard search engines on this platform. Visitors only use it to access particular password- or encryption-protected information that needs authorization or payment to be seen. The “back end” for online banking, payments, forums, and video on demand can also be found on the deep web.
To check if all your passwords are safe and not used by the dark web, you can use a dark web scan.
How to Use the Dark Web
The dark web can be accessed by using a VPN and a specialized browser like Tor. By the use of numerous random locations, Tor aims to prevent its users’ identities from being revealed. Tor is still the most secret way to access the internet, despite the fact that authorities have at least once broken its encryption.
Although many individuals use Tor because they are worried about their online privacy being violated, it is also a shelter for criminal activities because it is so challenging, if not impossible, to trace. Together with other unlawful activities, the dark web is home to child pornography, illicit substances, and terrorist activity.
The purpose of using the dark web
Freedom from surveillance –
Those living in nations where the internet is controlled or limited can freely trade information and access it thanks to the dark web.
Freedom of expression is protected since users can communicate with other users of the dark web from anywhere in the world and express any opinions or points of view without worrying about censorship or moderation.
The dark web provides a forum for journalists, activists, and whistleblowers to report on and discuss stories about power abuses.
Improved anonymity –
Internet service providers (ISPs) cannot track browsing history, and only a small amount of personal information is automatically collected or retained by search engines or advertisements.
What Distinguishes the Deep Web from the Dark Web?
Every day, millions of average internet users access private information like credit card accounts and email inboxes. In the deep web, these pages are secured by security walls, registration forms, and passwords and are not indexed by search engines. Almost 90% of websites are on the deep web, and many of these are used by businesses, governmental organizations, and charitable organizations. The deep web contains what is known as the dark web, a section of the internet that can only be accessed by people who have the Tor browser installed, but you can be prevented from it by checking your passwords at dark web scan. Although it is entirely legal, most typical internet users will never have to access anything on the dark web.
What dangers come with using the dark web?
Illegal access –
Using an incognito browser to visit unlawful websites just on the dark web is illegal, not simply browsing the dark web.
Illegal activity –
The freedom and anonymity that the dark web provides have paved the way for criminal behavior, such as the sale of forbidden or illicit goods and services. They include illegal substances, harmful substances, firearms, pornography, and gambling methods. When constructing a case against criminal behavior, the dark web presents a number of technological, ethical, and moral problems for law enforcement.
Dark Web Usage That Are Unlawful
The dark web is utilized for dubious and even illegal reasons due to its anonymity. They include dealing in illegally obtained drugs, firearms, identities, and passwords, as well as illicit pornography as well as other potentially hazardous goods. Government authorities have recently shut down a number of websites that hosted illegal content, including Silk Road, AlphaBay, and Hansa. Over the past two decades, the anonymity of the dark web has also given rise to cybersecurity risks and a number of data breaches.
While the black web offers a forum for the exchange of ideas and opinions, it also poses hazards to society, from radical ideologies and terrorism to criminal and harmful behavior. There is also extreme content that supports unpleasant and dangerous behavior (such as self-harm, eating disorders, and suicide).
Child sexual abuse:
The dark web is devoted to websites that publish images and films of child sex abuse that are prohibited, as well as forums and message boards where pedophiles and groomers gather to discuss techniques for abusing children. The dark web also hosts websites that enable paid live streaming and “pay-to-order” child sex abuse content. Even some child like sex dolls are illegal in most countries.
Is the Dark Web Dangerous for You?
Although most of the content accessed using Tor is legitimate, there are many criminals who use the dark web for illicit activities. Even if you don’t use the dark web for unlawful purposes, you can encounter criminals online and become engaged in something you didn’t plan to do. You can be caught in the crossfire if you frequent a mob restaurant because you were in the wrong location at the wrong time. You might be included in the inquiry if law enforcement manages to apprehend cybercriminals in the act, and they can show you had communication with them. Even some authorities might think you’re guilty.
Fortunately, the government, law enforcement, and hundreds of information technology specialists are constantly thwarting the cybersecurity and global risks posed by the obscurity of the dark web. Choose one of the various career paths offered by the Tulane School of Professional Development in IT and cybersecurity if you’re interested in leading the defense against cyberattacks and online national security threats. Our information technology, cyber defense, and cybersecurity management degree and certificate programs can educate you on how to defend internet users online and can help you get ready for a variety of lucrative employment opportunities. Get more information about our numerous degree and certification programs right away.